gives me great pleasure to share with you my collection of
the King of Wakanda-The Black Panther. For my doctoral
thesis in 1977, I wrote about the effects of the media upon
youth culture (Philosophy of Divine Nutrition-1977). As part
of that writing I focused on the lack of multi cultural and
female super heroes within popular comic books. The Black
Panther is recognized as one of the first non stereotyped
super heroes of color. He is an African King who rules the
nation of Wakanda. My sincere thanks to The Marvel Directory,
Christopher Priest and Wikipedia for their information on
this most important character.
Name: T'Challa (pronounced Challa)
Occupation: King of Wakanda, scientist
Legal Status: Citizen of Wakanda
Identity: Publicly known
Other Aliases: Luke Charles, Black Leopard
Place of Birth: Wakanda, Northern Africa
Marital Status: Single/Divorced
Known Relatives: T'Chaka (father, deceased),
N'Yami (mother, deceased), Khanata, Joshua Itobo, Ishanta,
Zuni (cousins), Jakarra (half brother)
Group Affiliation: The Avengers
v.1 #52, formerly Fantastic Force
Base of Operations: Wakanda, mobile
First Appearance: FANTASTIC FOUR v. 1 #52
T'Challa is the son of T'Chaka, who was the Black Panther
before him. At some point in the distant past, a massive meteorite
comprised of the sound-absorbing mineral Vibranium crashed
in Wakanda, and was only recently unearthed. Knowing that
other, more powerful nations would attempt to manipulate and
dominate Wakanda for this rare and valuable resource, T'Chaka
concealed Wakanda from the outside world. He would sell off
minute amounts of the valuable Vibranium while at the same
time sending Wakanda's best scholars to university abroad,
consequently turning Wakanda into one of the most technologically
advanced nations in the world. However, eventually the explorer
Ulysses Klaw found his way to Wakanda, and using lies and
subterfuge covered up his work on a Vibranium-powered sound-based
weapon. When he was exposed, Klaw killed T'Chaka and many
other Wakandans, only for his "sound blaster" to
be turned on him by a grieving 13 year old T'Challa. Klaw's
right hand was destroyed by the overloaded sonic weapon, and
he and his men fled.
was educated at several prestigious universities in the U.S.
and Europe, earning advanced degrees in physics (Ph.D.), engineering,
economics, political science and psychology. To ascend to
the throne of Wakanda he was required to pass two tests: defeat
six of Wakanda's greatest warriors in unarmed combat, and
obtain the secret heart-shaped herb that grants the country's
chieftains their powers. Successfully carrying out the dual
challenge, T'Challa donned the ceremonial garb of the Black
Panther, totem of the Wakandan people.
T'Challa, Wakanda has become one of the wealthiest and most
technologically advanced nations on the planet.
Fantastic Four #52, we are introduced to T'Challa as a young
king who wants to test the abilities of the World's Mightiest
Super-Team, beating them one by one, he would have conquered
them all had not Wyatt Wingfoot, asleep in the back of the
car, intervened. Apologizing for his deception, the Panther
then joined forces with the FF to battle the deadly Klaw,
finally avenging himself and his father.
Avengers #52,following an adventure to prevent Baron Zemo's
plan to activate an orbital death ray platform, a grateful
Captain America sponsored the Black Panther for membership
into the Avengers. Panther accepted, but his true motives
for joining were to learn whether or not these American "heroes"
were a threat to Wakanda. It was many years later that the
Avengers found this out in Black Panther v.2 #8.For several
years, The Black Panther assumed the role of a super hero
and even adopted a "secret" identity as Harlem school
teacher Luke Charles.
During his time with the Avengers, he met social worker and
jazz singer Monica Lynne. Their relationship was rocky at
best due to the strains of being involved with a super hero
as well as a King.
out of his country for so long a period of time found T'Challa's
throne threatened by Erik Killmonger. The role of Black Panther
briefly fell into the hands of T'Challa's rival Killmonger
when he defeated T'Challa in ritual combat, only for Killmonger
to die upon eating the heart-shaped herb. T'Challa regained
his authority in the minds of his people and went on to establish
Wakanda as a world power.
Black Panther became an Avenger in 1968 (Avengers #52). He
origin was retold in Avengers #87.When the Black Panther first
joined the Avengers, he shortened his name to " The Panther".
In Fantastic Four #119, he changed his name to The Black Leopard.
When The Thing asks him why did he change his name he stated,
" I contemplate a return to your country, Ben Grimm,
where the later term has-political connotations. I neither
condemn nor condone those that have taken up the name--but
T'Challa is a law unto himself. Hence, the new name-- a minor
point, at best, since the panther is a leopard." When
he returned to the Avengers he proclaimed to Hawkeye-"
I am myself-and I am The Black Panther". Wizard #158,
erroneously states that this occurred in Avengers #101. A
24 K No Prize to the first person to email me with the correct
He had his first series in the pages of Jungle Action #5-24.
Oct 1972- Nov 1976-written by critically acclaimed Don McGregor
as well as Roy Thomas and drawn by several artists including
Gene Colan on covers as well as interiors by Buckler, Kane
and Graham. Marvel had produced many great comics in the '60s
and '70s, but "Panther's Rage" is the first comic
that was created from start to finish as a complete novel.
Running in two years' issues of Jungle Action (#'s 6 through
18), "Panther's Rage" is a 200-page novel that journeys
to the heart of the African nation of Wakanda, a nation ravaged
by a revolution against its king, T'Challa, the Black Panther.
One of the Marvel Comics Black Panther was written and illustrated
by Jack “King” Kirby issues #1-15 Jan 1977- May
1979 he also appeared in Marvel Premiere #51-#53, where he
battled the KKK. This three part story takes place right after
the events of Black Panther #14 &15
1988, he appeared in his first mini series , a four part series
written by Peter Gillis and penciled by Denys Cowan
1989,Panther's Quest was presented in a 25 comic (8 pages
average) story arc within the pages of Marvel Comics presents
#13-25. Written by Donald F. McGregor and drawn by Gene Colan.#13
sets the stage for the story arc. Titled " A Rumor of
Life". T'Challa goes to then Apartheid South Africa in
search of his mother who has been kidnapped.
four part Trade paperback Limited Series titled Panther’s
Prey was published between May 1991-Oct of 1991 written by
Don McGregor and drawn by Dwayne Turner
One under the Marvel Knights imprint was written by Christopher
Priest and drawn primarily by Mark Texeira, Bob Almond and
Sal Velluto. Nov 1998
Marvel Knights imprint ended with issue #16 and from #17 until
it conclusion with #62 was Marvel Comics Black Panther Volume
new Black Panther-Kevin “Casper” Cole was a New
York City Narcotics Officer who finds one of T’Challa’s
old costumes and learns the path of Ascension (#50-62), becoming
The White Tiger as a result. Many of the covers for these
issues were drawn by Andy Kubert and the art was done by Dan
Farga or Jorge Lucas. Priest continued on until its conclusion
up somewhat where things ended in #62- The Crew was a short
lived series that revolved around Rhodey Rhodes of War Machine
notoriety as well as the White Tiger.
February 2005, volume 3 of Marvel Comics MK The Black Panther
series was published. It is being written by filmmaker Reginald
Hudlin and drawn by artist John Romita, Jr. Hudlin is also
writing for the MK Spider-Man series and Romita (JRjr) is
a long time Amazing Spider-Man artist following in the footsteps
of his father John Romita Sr.. According to interviews with
Mr. Hudlin, this volume of the Black Panther is going to take
a Year One approach, meaning everything you just read about
the history of the Black Panther may not make it in this version.
The Panther suit is based upon the Kirby look compared to
the MK look of Priest and Texeira. Already after only one
issue, there are those who are screaming (NON CONTINUITY).
Time will tell if the King of Wakanda gets the critical acclaim
that he did under Priest. It appears that Hudlin is sincerely
committed to the character and certainly has the talent to
make the Black Panther a first tier super hero within the
Marvel Universe. I suspect that if successful in popularizing
this character, Hudlin would have first crack at the making
of the movie.
January of 2016, Marvel Studios officially
announced that Ryan Coogler, director/writer of critically
acclaimed films such as Creed & Fruitvale Station, will
in fact helm the eighteenth installment of the Marvel Cinematic
Universe - Black Panther. The film will star Chadwick Boseman
as T'Challa and is expected to hit theaters February 16, 2018.
president Kevin Feige released this statement about Coogler,
who is easily the most accomplished director Marvel has landed
to date, signing on: "We are fortunate to have such an
esteemed filmmaker join the Marvel family, The talents Ryan
showcased in his first two films easily made him our top choice
to direct 'Black Panther.' Many fans have waited a long time
to see Black Panther in his own film, and with Ryan we know
we've found the perfect director to bring T'Challa's story
Weight: 185 lbs.
Hair: Black, MK v.1 -shaved bald
Level: The Panther’s natural strength and abilities
having been heightened by the heart-shaped herb administered
only to Wakandan kings during a sacred ascension ritual. The
herb is found only in Wakanda. It is estimated that T'Challa
can press over head approximately 750 pounds.
Superhuman Powers: While not considered "super",
the heart shaped herb endows T'Challa with peak human strength,
peak human reflexes, and peak human senses such as enhanced
hearing, smell, taste, and "night" vision.
An accomplished gymnast and acrobat, as well as an expert
tracker. T'Challa is a master of several disciplines of African
martial arts as well as ninjitsu techniques of hypnosis and
mind control. The current writer for Black Panther-Reginald
Hudlin, has expressed the idea that the Black Panther is the
greatest fighter in the Marvel Universe! The Black Panther
who fought Captain America in Hudlin's Black Panther #1 was
T'Chaka father of T'Challa.
Christopher Priest's, Marvel Knights Black Panther's costume
is a Vibranium micro-weave bodysuit which not only stops bullets,
but saps their momentum. His boots' are made with Vibranium
soles which can absorb sound and impact that enables him to
leap from structures up to eight stories tall and land like
the jungle cat he is named for.
Panther's retractable claws contain a new composite of the
experimental "anti-metal" Vibranium that can break
down other alloys. With the use of his claws he can literally
run up the sides of buildings.
T'Challa carries an energy dagger that can be fired, thrown
or handled like a knife. At its highest setting, the weapon
easily can cut through forged steel.
Milaje. DOR-ah muh-LAH-jay. The Dora Milaje are also known
as the 'adored ones.' They are highly trained in the physical
arts of combat, and have aided the king in battle on a number
of occasions. They speak only with the king, and when they
address him, they do so in the uncommon Wakandan dialect of
of the king's two Dora Milaje is selected from one of the
opposing Wakandan factions. Their position as potential wives
to the king is designed to maintain peace between the two
tribes: The City Dwellers and the Marsh Tribesman. This position
sustains the precarious balance of peace. While the king has
all physical rights to his Dora Milaje, he does not impose
himself upon them. If, however, he were to indulge in their
beauty, they would be unable to take a husband in the future